Friday, March 28, 2014

Maulana Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Rumi Balkhi Biography - Mevlana Celaludin Rumi Biografisi

NAME: Mevlana Celaludin Rumi (Also Maulana Jelaludin Rum or Maulana Jalal-ud-Din Rumi (Urdu) or Jalal-ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi (Persian)) جلال‌الدین محمد رومی
FAMOUS AS: Great Sufi and Spiritual Poet
BORN ON: 30 September 1207
BORN IN: Balkh (in present-day Afghanistan)
DIED ON: 17 December 1273
NATIONALITY: Iran (Islamic Republic Of)
ZODIAC SIGN: Libra    Famous Libras
WORKS & ACHIEVEMENTS: "Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi" (collection of ghazals) Fihi Ma Fihi (Discourses of RUMI) and "Mathnawi also said as Masnavi Manavi" (compilation of six volumes of poetry) are the popular works of Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi.
 Mevlana Celaludin Rumi Biografisi,  Maulana Jelaludin Rum Biography, Maulana Jalal-ud-Din Rumi Biography, Jalal-ad-Din Muhammad Balkhi Biography, Rumi Biography Full
Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi was a 13th century Persian poet, an Islamic dervish and a Sufi mystic. He is regarded as one of the greatest spiritual masters and poetical intellects. Born in 1207 AD, he belonged to a family of learned theologians. He made use of everyday life's circumstances to describe the spiritual world. Rumi's poems have acquired immense popularity, especially among the Persian speakers of Afghanistan, Iran and Tajikistan. Numerous poems written by the great poet have been translated to different languages.

Rumi Childhood
Jalaluddin Rumi was born on September 30, 1207, in Balkh (in present-day Afghanistan). Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273) was born in Balkh (currently in Afghanistan), and thus he is called Balkhi. Based on other evidences he was born 140km North of Balkh in Vakhsh, a small town located at the river Vakhsh (currently in Tajikistan). Both cities were at that time part of Khorasan, the easternmost province of Iran during Kharazmian dynasty.740 years after birth of Rumi his brithplace separated from Iran in 1747 (260 years ago). His father, Bahaduddin Walad, was a theologian, jurist and a mystic, while his mother was Moumina Khatun. When Mongols invaded Central Asia, between 1215 and 1220, Rumi left Balkh with his family and a group of disciples. The migrating caravan traveled extensively in Muslim lands, including Baghdad, Damascus, Malatya, Erzincan, Sivas, Kayseri and Nigde. After performing pilgrimage in Mecca, they eventually settled in Konya, located in the present-day western Turkey. At that time, Rumi’s father was an Islamic theologian, a teacher and a preacher.

Rumi Career
Rumi was a disciple of Sayyed Burhan ud-Din Muhaqqiq Termazi, one of his father’s students. Under the guidance of Sayyed Termazi, he practiced Sufism and acquired a lot of knowledge about spiritual matters and secrets of the spirit world. After the demise of Bahaduddin, in 1231 AD, Rumi inherited his father’s position and became a prominent religious teacher. He preached in the mosques of Konya. By the time Rumi reached the age of 24, he had proven himself as a well-informed scholar in the field of religious science.

Turning Point of Rumi’s Life
Rumi was already a teacher and a theologian, when in 1244 AD he came across a wandering dervish named Shamsuddin of Tabriz. The meeting proved to be a turning point in his life. Shamsuddin and Rumi became very close friends. Shams went to Damascus, were he was allegedly killed by the students of Rumi who were resentful of their close relationship. Rumi expressed his love for Shamsuddin and grief at his death, through music, dance and poems.
For nearly ten years after meeting Shamsuddin, Rumi devoted himself in writing ghazals. He made a compilation of ghazals and named it Diwan-e-Kabir or Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi. Thereafter, Rumi encountered a goldsmith - Salaud-Din-e Zarkub - whom he made his companion. When Salaud-Din-e Zarkub died, Rumi befriended one of his favorite disciples named Hussam-e Chalabi. Rumi spent most of the later years of his life in Anatolia, where he finished six volumes of his masterwork, the Masnavi.

Rumi Books - Popular Works
"Rumi - the poet of Love", "Rumi - the poet of Heart", "Rumi - the poet of Inspiration"

Mevlana Rumi is known and famous for his Love Quotes, Quotes on Heart, Inspirational Quotes and Quotes about Inner-self. Rumi Quotes, Love Poems, Poetry and Sayings connects the Spiritual Seeker with their reality of inner-self. Mostly Quotes and Poetry is about the relation Human and GOD.
Rumi has three books, Masnavi or said as Mathnavi, Diwane Shams Tabrizi, and Fihi Ma Fihi. All three books are written in the Persian language. Recently his poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages. He has been described as the "most popular poet in America".
Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi: Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi (or Diwan-e-Kabir) is one of the masterpieces of Rumi. It is a collection of ghazals named in the honor of dervish Shamsuddin, who was Rumi’s great friend and inspiration. It also contains an assortment of poems arranged according to the rhyming scheme. Diwan-e-Kabir has been written in ‘Dari’ dialect. It is regarded as one of the greatest works of Persian literature. Fihi Ma Fihi means "It Is What It Is”. The book consists of 72 short discourses.
Mathnawi: Mathnawi is a compilation of six volumes of poetry, written in a didactic style. The poems are intended to inform, instruct as well as entertain the reader. It is believed that Rumi started the work of Mathnawi at the suggestion of his then companion, Husam al-Din Chalabin. Mathnawi attempts to explain the various facets of spiritual life.

Legacy of Rumi
Rumi’s popularity has gone beyond national and ethnic borders. He is considered to be one of the classical poets, by the speakers of Persian language in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. For many years, he had a great influence on Turkish literature. The popularity of his works inspired many artists, including Mohammad Reza Shajarian (Iran), Shahram Nazeri (Iran), Davood Azad (Iran) and Ustad Muhammad Hashim Chishti (Afghanistan), to give classical interpretation for his poems. Rumi’s works have been translated to many languages across the world, including Russian, German, Urdu, Turkish, Arabic, French, Italian and Spanish.

Maulana Rumi Death
Rumi departed from the world on 17th December 1273 AD, in Konya, within the Seljuk Empire's territory (currently it's within Turkey). He was buried beside his father in Konya. A tomb named Mevlana mausoleum was built in Konya, commemorating the great Sufi poet. It consists of a mosque, dervish living quarters and a dance hall. The sacred site is visited by his admirers coming from different parts of the world.

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